Here's what's happening at the Bastion and in a Foreign Field...
11th November 2018
Armistice comes into effect at 11.00am
Private George Price killed on 11th November 1918 at 10.57am, the last War Time Death.. see photo below...
The First and The Last: St Symphorien cemetery, Belgium
Time line of the first world war
One hundred year's ago, day by day:
Arab forces begin Actions for Et Tafile (see 28th).
M. Hyams succeeds Baron de Broqueville as Belgian Minister for Foreign Affairs (see August 4th, 1917).
Air Ministry formed in Great Britain.
The Air Council takes over functions of Air Board (see May 17th, 1916 and November 29th and December 21st, 1917).
Ukraine delegation reaches Brest-Litovsk (see November 21st, 1917 and February 1st, 1918).
British hospital ship "Rewa" sunk by submarine in Bristol Channel.
Russian Bolshevik Government and French and Swedish Governments recognise the independence of Finland (see 10th and December 6th, 1917).
British Government in message to the King of the Hejaz declare intentions with regard to future status of Palestine (see December 17th, 1917 and february 4th, 1918).
Allied request for handing over of Dutch ships in Allied ports formulated (see March 7th).
British Premier (Mr. Lloyd George) in speech to Trade Union delegates outlines British War Aims (see 24th and December 28th, 1917).
Negotiations again suspended on Russian front. Bolshevik demand made for meetings to be held at Stockholm (see 8th and December 6th, 13th and 22nd, 1917).
Qasr-i-Shirin (Western Persia) occupied by British forces (see July 8th, 1917).
President Wilson delivers Message to Congress laying down the "Fourteen Points" (see February 11th).
Russian Bolshevik Government withdraw demand for transfer to Stockholm and resume negotiations at Brest-Litovsk (see 5th and 22nd).
British Government assure Russian Bolshevik Government of their support in the creation of an independent Poland (see April 5th, 1917 and February 20th, 1918).
Danish and Norwegian Governments recognise the independence of Finland (see 4th).
Latvia declares independence (see November 11th).
Estonian Government issue declaration of independence (see November 28th, 1917 and February 25th and November 11th, 1918).
German destroyers bombard Yarmouth (Norfolk).
Russian Constituent Assembly again meet in Petrograd (see 19th and December 13th, 1917).
Russian Constituent Assembly again forcibly dissolved by Bolsheviki (see 18th, and December 13th, 1917).
Mustaufi ul Mamalek succeeds Ain ed Douleh as Persian Prime Minister (see November 24th, 1917 and May 3rd, 1918).
Mushaver ul Mamalek succeeds Ala es Sultaneh as Persian Foreign Minister (see June 6th, 1917, and August 10th, 1918).
Naval action outside the Dardanelles. German cruiser "Breslau" and British monitor "Raglan" sunk. "Goeben" strikes mine and is beached (see 27th).
Russian Bolshevik Government accuse Central Powers of falsification of reports of proceedings (see 8th and 23rd).
Negotiations between Russian Bolshevik Government and Central Powers once more suspended (see 8th, 22nd and 30th).
Count Hertling and Count Czernin (German Imperial Chancellor and Austrian Foreign Minister) make public replies to statements of President Wilson and Mr. Lloyd George on War Aims (see 5th and 8th).
Lieut.-General The Hon. Sir H.A. Lawrence appointed Chief of the General Staff, British Expeditionary Force, France [Did not take up appointment till the 27th.] (see 27th).
Turkish Dead Sea Flotilla seized by Arab camelry at El Mezraa.
General Dunsterville's Mission leaves Baghdad for North-West Persia (see February 17th).
The "Goeben" refloated inside the Dardanelles (see 20th).
Lieut.-General Sir L.E. Kiggell, Chief of the General Staff, British Expeditionary Force, France, resigns (see 24th, and December 22nd, 1915).
Russian Bolshevik Government sever diplomatic relations with Rumania.
Actions for Et Tafile by the Arab forces end (see 1st).
Negotiations between Russian Bolshevik Government and Central Powers again resumed (see 23rd, and February 10th).
Central Powers recognise the Ukraine Republic (see 9th, and November 20th, 1917).
Extension of the British East Persia Cordon into Khorasan begins. [In relief of Russian forces withdrawn by Bolshevik Government.] (see July 29th, 1915)
British Government announce enlargement of powers of Supreme War Council at Versailles (see November 7th, 1917, and December 1st, 1917).
General Alexeiev with Don Cossacks moves towards Moscow against the Bolshevik forces (see 13th).
British Government make declaration to King of the Hejaz reaffirming their pledges as to freeing the Arab peoples (see October 24th, 1915, December 15th, 1916, December 17th, 1917, and January 4th, 1918).
British S.S. "Tuscania" carrying United States troops, sunk by submarine off Irish coast. (The only loss sustained by U.S. transports when under British naval escort).
German Government send ultimatum to Rumania demanding peace negotiations within four days (see 25th).
M. Bratianu, Rumanian Premier, resigns (appointed January 14th, 1914) (see 9th).
Peace signed at Brest-Litovsk between Bulgaria, Central Powers and Turkey and the Ukraine Rada; also supplementary Treaty between Central Powers and The Ukraine; borders of new Ukrainian State defined (see 1st and January 3rd).
New Rumanian Cabinet formed, with General Averescu as Premier and Foreign Minister (see 6th, and March 12th).
M. Trotski announces that state of war between Russia and Central Powers, Bulgaria and Turkey is ended, but that Russia will not sign formal peace treaty (see 18th and January 30th).
President Wilson delivers Message to Congress laying down four additional Points (see January 8th and October 6th).
General Alexeiev defeated by the Bolsheviki (see 4th); General Kaledin commits suicide.
Third German destroyer raid in Straits of Dover (night 15th/16th) (see April 20th, 1917)
Representatives of Allied Governments arrange establishment of the "Allied Maritime Transport Council" (see December 3rd, 1917 and March 11th, 1918).
Dover shelled by German submarine.
General Dunsterville's Mission reaches Enzeli (North-West Persia) (see May 21st, 1915, January 27th and April 1st, 1918).
Armistice terminates on Russian front. Hostilities resumed by German armies (see 10th and 19th).
Dvinsk taken by German forces.
General Sir W. Robertson, Chief of the British Imperial General Staff, resigns (see 19th, and December 23rd, 1915).
Russian Bolshevik Government notify willingness to sign Peace Treaty with Germany (see 18th and 28th).
General Sir H. H. Wilson appointed Chief of the British lmperial General Staff (see 18th).
British Foreign Minister (Mr. Balfour) informs Polish National Committee that Great Britain does not accept the treaty between The Ukraine and Central Powers (see 9th, January 10th and June 3rd).
Jericho taken by British forces (19th/21st).
Ministry of Information formed in Great Britain.
Inter-Allied Labour and Socialist Conference in London pass resolution as to War Aims.
Trebizond (Asia Minor) retaken by Turkish forces (see April 17th, 1916).
Dorpat (Estonia) occupied by German forces (see December 26th).
German raider "Wolff" returns to Germany (see December 1st, 1916).
Pernau, Reval, and Pskov taken by German forces (see 18th).
Kirmanshah (Western Persia) occupied by British forces (see March 11th, 1917).
Peace negotiations begun at Bukharest (see 6th, and March 5th).
Military Convention signed at Bobruisk between Germany and Poland.
British Government inform M. Tonisson that they are prepared provisionally to recognise the independence of Estonia until the future status of Estonia is settled by the Peace Congress (see January 13th and November 11th).
British hospital ship "Glenart Castle" sunk by submarine in the Bristol Channel (see March 1st, 1917).
Negotiations again resumed between Russian Bolshevik Government arid Central powers; hostilities nominally cease (see 18th, 19th and March 3rd).
Treaty of Peace and Amity signed between the Finnish Social Republic of Workmen and the Russian Federal Soviet Republic.
Kiev (Ukraine) captured by German forces (see December 20th).
German force landed in the Aaland islands at request of Finnish Government (see 3rd).
Meshed (Persia) occupied by troops of British East Persia Cordon. [Approximate date.]
Peace signed between Bolshevik Russia and Central Powers, Bulgaria and Turkey at Brest-Litovsk, together with supplementary treaties by the signatories (see 14th and 18th, February 28th and August 27th).
German Govermnent notify Swedish Government of occupation of the Aaland Islands (see 2nd).
Narva (Estonia) occupied by German forces (see November 28th).
Preliminary treaty of peace between Rumania and the Central Powers, Bulgaria and Turkey signed at Buftea (see December 9th, 1917, and February 25th and May 7th, 1918).
First German aeroplane raid on England undertaken on moonless night (see July 20th).
Peace signed at Berlin between Germany and Finland.
Final Allied Note presented to Netherlands Govermnent re surrender of Dutch ships in Allied ports (see 18th, and January 4th).
M. Chichérin appointed Russian Foreign Minister and M. Trotski appointed Minister for War (see November 8th, 1917).
Hit (on the Euphrates) occupied by British forces.
Treaty of Peace signed between Rumania and Bolshevik Russia (see 5th).
British hospital ship "Guildford Castle" attacked by German submarine in Bristol Channel, but reaches port.
First meeting of the Allied Maritime Transport Council (see February 15th).
Erzerum retaken by Turkish forces (see February 16th, 1916).
General Averescu, Rumanian Premier and Foreign Minister, resigns (see 21st, and February 9th).
Odessa occupied by German forces (see December 11th).
Congress of Soviets meet at Moscow to ratify treaty of peace with Central Powers (see 3rd).
German Government proclaim protectorate over an independent Kurland.
Hamadan (West Persia) evacuated by the Russian regular forces (see March 2nd, 1917).
Nicolaiev (South Russia) captured by German forces (see April 8th).
Entente Governments issue Note refusing to recognise Russo-German peace treaty (see 3rd and 14th).
Dutch Government accept with reservations the Allied terms for use of Dutch shipping in United States and Entente ports (see 7th and 21st).
Allied Blockade Committee formed.
First Battles of the Somme 1918 or German Operation Michael begins with Battle of St. Quentin (21st/23rd) (see November 18th, 1916, and April 5th, 1918).
German Government establish a military dictatorship in The Ukraine. General Skoropadski proclaimed Hetman (see May 9th).
Viborg (Finland) captured by German forces and Finnish White Guards (see 13th).
Second action of Es Salt (Palestine) begins (see May 4th).
Sevastopol taken by German forces (April 30th/May 1st).
Part of Russian Black Sea Fleet seized by the Germans (see June 21st, 1917 and June 18th and November 26th, 1918).
Agreement concluded regarding export of sand and gravel from The Netherlands for German use (see July 15th).
Samsam es Sultaneh succeeds. Mustaufi ul Mamalek as Persian Prime Minister (see 31st, and January 19th).
Second action of Es Salt ends (see April 30th).
Armistice signed at Korenevo between Russia and The Ukraine (German-Ukrainian Command) (see June 12th).
Field-Marshal Lord french appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland (see December 15th, 1915).
Turko-German delegates arrive at Batum to negotiate peace with the Georgians and Armenians (see April 22nd, May 26th, and June 8th).
Kirkuk (Mesopotamia) taken by British forces (see 24th).
Frederickshamn (South Finland) captured by Finnish White Guards: End of the Finnish Civil War.[The civil war may be said to have begun about March 1st, 1918.]
Final Treaty of Peace signed between Rumania and Bulgaria, Central Powers and Turkey (see March 5th), together with various supplementary treaties between the separate contracting parties (see November 10th).
Nicaragua declares war on Germany and on Austria-Hungary (see May 18th, 1917).
Rostov (South Russia) captured by German forces.
Blocking attack on Ostend. H.M.S. "Vindictive" sunk to block the harbour (see April 23rd).
M. Ustemovich proclaimed President of The Ukraine; General Skoropadski remains Hetman (see April 29th).
Joint Trade Committee of Entente Powers formed in Holland.
Dr. da Silva Paes, elected Portuguese President (see December 28th, 1917 and December 14th, 1918).
Peace signed in Berlin between Finland and Turkey.
Military Treaty ("Waffenbund") signed between Germany and Austria-Hungary.
Italian naval raid on Pola Harbour.
German submarine bombards St. Kilda (Hebrides).
Agreement between Entente Powers, Japan, and China against German penetration in Far East announced.
Dr. S.B.C. da Paes, Portuguese Premier, resigns (see 16th, and December 10th, 1917).
Agreement signed at Peking between China and Japan for military co-operation against German and Bolshevik aggression (see 19th).
Senhor J.T. de Souza Barboza, appointed Portuguese Secretary of the lnterior [The appointment of Premier lapsed between May 15th and December 23rd. During this period the functions of the office were performed by the Secretary of the Interior.] (see 15th and December 22nd).
Sinn Fein leaders arrested in Ireland and interned (see 25th).
First British retaliatory air raid on German towns. Cologne bombed by day.
Alexandropol (Georgia) occupied by Turkish forces.
Last German night aeroplane raid on London in which casualties were inflicted; 49 killed and 177 wounded [There were altogether nineteen aeroplane raids on London during which bombs were dropped, and one air reconnaissance during which no bombs were dropped.] (see May 7th, July 7th and October 19th, 1917 and August 5th, 1918).
German air raid on British camps and hospitals at Etaples; heavy casualties.
Agreement signed between China and Japan for naval co-operation (see 16th).
Costa Rica declares war on Germany (see September 21st, 1917).
Kirkuk (Mesopotamia) evacuated by the British forces (see 7th and October 25th).
General F.C. Poole lands at Murmansk to organise the North Russia Expeditionary Force (see June 4th, 8th and 23rd).
British Government publish account of Irish-German plots (see 17th).
Trans-Caucasian Federal Government (see September 20th, 1917 and April 22nd, 1918), dissolved.
Georgia declares independence and forms a National Government.
Armenian National Council assume charge of Armenian affairs (see June 8th).
Tatar National Council proclaim establishment of a "Republic of Azerbaijan."
Battle of the Aisne 1918 or Third Battle of the Aisne or the German Operation Blücher-Yorck begins (see June 6th).
Craonne again taken by German forces (see May 4th, 1917 and October 12th, 1918).
Soissons again taken by German forces (see 27th and August 2nd).
Peace Treaty signed at Vienna between Austria-Hungary and Finland.
Fère-en-Tardenois taken by German forces (see 27th and July 28th).
German forces reach the Marne. Château-Thierry and Dormans captured (see July 21st).
Battle of the Skra di Legen (Macedonia).
Samsam es Sultaneh, Persian Prime Minister, resigns (see 3rd and June 20th).
M. G. Cooreman succeeds Baron de Broqueville as Belgian prime Minister (Baron de Broqueville was appointed in 1911) (see November 21st). [Baron de Broqueville and M. Cooreman presided over the Cabinet without the title of Prime Minister (see November 21st).]
British, French, and Italian Governments make declarations supporting national aspirations of Poles, Czecho-Slovaks, and Yugo-Slavs (see February 20th, June 29th, August 13th, September 25th and November 16th).
British Marines land at Pechenga (North Russia) (see May 24th).
The Don Cossacks declare independence.
British independent Air Force in France constituted under tactical command of Major-General Sir H.M. Trenchard.
Battle of the Aisne, 1918, ends (see May 27th).
Dutch hospital ship "Koningen Regentes" sunk by mine or torpedo.
General Guillaumat, Allied Commander-in-Chief, Salonika, recalled to Paris (see 15th and 18th and December 22nd, 1917).
British force lands at Kem (North Russia) (see May 24th).
Omsk (Siberia) occupied by Czecho-Slovak forces (see November 18th).
German Expeditionary force to the Caucasus lands at Poti (Georgia).
Russian Bolshevik Government order Entente forces in North Russia to leave the country (see 30th, and May 24th).
Georgian Government and Armenian National Council sign peace treaties with Turkey (see May 6th and 26th).
Georgian Government sign peace treaty with Germany (see May 6th and 26th).
Battle of the Matz or the German Operation Gneisenau begins (see 14th).
British Government protest against "Sand and Gravel Agreement" between Germany and The Netherlands (see May 2nd).
Field-Marshal Conrad von Hötzendorff, Commander-in-Chief, Austro-Hungarian Armies, relieved of his command.
Ex-Tsar Nicholas II, ex-Tsaritsa and family murdered at Ekaterinburg (see March 15th, 1917).
RMS Carpathia sunk by a German U-Boat in the Atlantic. This was the same ship which had rescued survivors from the RMS Titanic in April 1912 and which rescued Moina Michael and hundreds of other stranded Americans in Naples at the outbreak of the war in 1914.
Sir L. Worthington-Evans succeeds Lord Robert Cecil as British Minister for Blockade (see February 23rd, 1916).
Honduras declares war on Germany (see May 17th, 1917).
British operations in Trans-Caspia begin (see August 26th).
United States cruiser "San Diego" sunk by mine off Fire Island (Atlantic coast).
German forces retreat across the Marne (see 18th).
Last attempt to attack the British Isles with aeroplanes (unsuccessful) [There were altogether 59 aeroplane raids against the British Isles during which bombs were dropped. There were also 11 reconnaissance flights over parts of Great Britain or in the vicinity of the coast when no bombs were dropped. See also May 19th and August 5th.] (see December 21st, 1914, and August 5th, 1918).
British defence of Resht (North-West Persia).
Château-Thierry retaken by Allied forces (see 18th, 20th, and May 31st).
Allied offensive in Albania checked (see 6th, 10th, and August 22nd).
Battle of Soissons or the Battle of Soissonais and of the Ourcq begins [British dates] (see August 2nd).
Bulk of French Expeditionary Force troops join the North Russia Expeditionary Force at Murmansk (see June 23rd).
Coup d'état in Baku: Bolshevik Government replaced by Central Caspian Dictatorship.
British Government declare to M. Petrov that they have no intention of infringing the territorial integrity of Russia (see August 6th).
Fère-en-Tardenois retaken by Allied forces (see May 30th).
Field-Marshal von Eichhorn, commanding German Army in The Ukraine, assassinated in Kiev (see April 29th).
Allied Expeditionary Force attack and capture the defences of Archangel (see 2nd).
Battle of Soissons or Battle of Soissonais and of the Ourcq ends (see July 23rd).
Soissons retaken by Allied forces (see May 29th).
Pro-Entente revolution in Archangel. Entente forces enter the town (see 1st).
Japanese Government decide to land troops at Vladivostok (see 11th and April 5th).
British troops land at Vladivostok (see 2nd and April 5th).
British ambulance transport "Warilda" sunk by submarine.
Samsam es Sultaneh, Persian Prime Minister, resigns (see 7th, and June 20th).
British force arrives at Baku (Caspian Sea) (see 26th, and July 19th).
Bolshevik Committee at Enzeli arrested by British military authorities.
Last attempt to attack England with airships (unsuccessful - "L.-70" destroyed) [There were altogether 51 airship raids against the British Isles during which bombs were dropped. There were also 8 attempted raids which either did not reach the coast, or which, for some other reason, failed in action. There were also 59 aeroplane attacks in which bombs were dropped (see July 20th), and 11 aeroplane reconnaissances. Total number of air raids in which bombs were dropped was 110.] (see January 19th, 1915 and April 12th and July 20th, 1918).
British Government issue Declaration to Russian peoples, stating that they have no intention of interfering in Russian politics (see July 26th).
General Foch created Marshal of France.
Second Battle of the Marne ends (see July 18th).
French cruiser "Dupetit Thouars" sunk by submarine in the Atlantic.
Vossuq ed Douleh appointed Persian Prime Minister (see 3rd and May 29th, 1917).
Allied Amiens Offensive or Second Battles of the Somme 1918 begin (see 3rd September).
British Government inform Finnish Government that they are in no way hostile to Finnish aspirations on the Murman Coast and in Karelia.
Montdidier retaken by French forces (see 8th, and March 27th).
Mushaver ul Mamalek, Persian Foreign Minister, resigns (see 11th and January 19th).
Battle of Amiens ends (see 8th).
German airship "L.-53" destroyed off Frisian coast. (Last German airship to be destroyed).
First Japanese contingents arrive at Vladivostok (see 2nd and 24th and September 5th).
Mushaver ul Mamalek reappointed Persian Foreign Minister (see 10th).
The Czecho-Slovaks declare War on Germany. [October 28th is officially accepted as the date of entry into the war of Czecho-Slovakia as a belligerent nation. This was the date of the declaration of independence at Prague. On August 13th the declaration was made in the name of the Czecho-Slovaks as a people.]
British Government recognise the Czecho-Slovaks as an Allied nation (see June 3rd and September 3rd).
Admiral von Capelle, German Minister of Marine, resigns (see 15th and March 15th, 1916).
Battle of Montdidier ends (see 8th).
Last bombardment of Paris by German long-range gun (see March 23rd).
Action of Bairam Ali (Trans-Caspia): Trans-Caspian Government defeated by Bolshevik forces.
Vice-Admiral von Behnke appointed German Minister of Marine (see 13th).
Prince Max of Baden appointed German Imperial Chancellor, and succeeds Admiral von Hintze as Foreign Minister (see September 30th, July 9th, and November 9th).
German and Austro-Hungarian Governments send Notes to President Wilson proposing an armistice [The German note was received by President Wilson on October 6th and the Austrian on October 7th.] (see 8th and 18th).
Austro-Hungarian Government send Note to President Wilson proposing an armistice (see 27th, and September 16th).
King Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicates in favour of his son Prince Boris (see September 30th and November 1st).
General Ironside takes over command of Allied forces at Archangel.
Battle of the Beaurevoir Line ends (see 3rd).
Vranje retaken by Serbian forces (see October 15th, 1915).
Yugo-Slav delegates meet at Agram and decide on the formation of a United National Council (see 29th, and September 25th).
Sidon (Syria) occupied by British forces.
The armed merchant cruiser HMS Otranto sunk following a collision with HMS Kashmir off the Isle of Islay, Scotland, with great loss of life.
Beirut (Syria) occupied by French forces.
Elbasan (Albania) taken by Italian forces (see February 2nd, 1916).
Roulers recaptured by Allied forces (see October 18th, 1914).
Durazzo (see 2nd), Novi Bazar (see November 20th, 1915), and Ipek (see December 6th, 1915) retaken by Italian forces.
British troops from Vladivostok reach Irkutsk (Siberia) (see 18th and July 13th and August 3rd).
President Wilson replies to German Government, attaching further military conditions to the terms of armistice, and warning against further breaches of laws of war, and insists on dealing only with a democratic Government (see 12th and 20th).
Turkish Government Note to President Wilson proposing an armistice delivered at Washington.
Battle of Champagne and Argonne ends (see September 26th).
Menin captured by Allied forces (see October 9th, 1914).
Homs (Syria) occupied by British cavalry.
Austrian Emperor issues manifesto proclaiming a Federal State on the principle of Nationality (excluding Hungary) (see 5th and 29th).
Ostend (see October 15th, 1914), Lille (see October 12th, 1914), and Douai (see August 26th, 1914) retaken by Allied forces.
Battle of Vittorio Veneto ends (see October 24th).
Hostilities between Austria-Hungary and the Entente cease (see 3rd and 15th).
Antivari (Montenegro) occupied by Italian naval forces (see January 22nd, 1916).
Mosul occupied by British forces (see October 23rd).
Marshal Foch placed in supreme strategical direction of all forces operating against Germany on all fronts (see April 14th).
Fiume occupied by Italian naval forces (see 18th and October 30th).
H.M.S. "Campania" sunk by collision in the Firth of Forth.
President Wilson sends final Note to the German Government with Allies' acceptance of armistice proposals (see 3rd and 8th).
Rethel taken by French forces.
Sedan taken by United States forces (see August 29th, 1914).
King Peter of Serbia re-enters Belgrade (see 1st and January 17th, 1916).
Bavaria proclaimed a Republic.
Yugo-Slav conference at Geneva decide to form a joint Yugo-Slav-Serbian Government to control military and foreign affairs (see 23rd, and October 29th).
German armistice delegates reach Allied General Headquarters (see 11th and October 23rd).
Maubeuge retaken by British forces (see September 7th, 1914).
M. Marghiloman, Rumanian Premier, and M. Arian, Rumanian Foreign Minister, resign (see March 21st, and December 1st).
Alexandretta (Syria) occupied by Entente naval forces.
Kasama (Rhodesia) taken by Colonel von Lettow-Vorbeck's force (see 1st and 13th).
H.M.S. "Britannia" sunk by submarine in the Atlantic (last warship so lost).
Revolution breaks out in Berlin.
German Imperial Chancellor (Prince Max) announces that the Kaiser has decided to abdicate. Prince Max becomes Regent. Herr Ebert becomes Imperial Chancellor (see 10th, 28th and October 4th).
Joint Declaration by British and French Governments regarding future of Syria and Mesopotamia.
Czech forces at Ekaterinenburg proclaim national independence.
Mézières retaken by French forces (see August 27th, 1914).
Ghent reoccupied by Belgian forces (see October 12th, 1914).
Allied forces cross the Danube at Ruschuk and enter Rumania.
The Kaiser crosses the frontier into Holland (see 9th and 28th).
King of Rumania announces that the Rumanian nation have taken up arms again on the side of the Allies (see December 6th, 1917).
Mons retaken by British forces (see August 24th, 1914).
Armistice concluded between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. [Signed in Marshal Foch's special train at Rethondes, station in the Forest of Compiègne.] Hostilities on the Western front cease at 11 a.m. (see 8th and December 14th).
British Government recognise Latvian Provisional Government as independent (see January 12th).
New National Government formed in Estonia (see 16th, and January 13th).
Emperor of Austria abdicates (see October 31st).
Allied fleet passes through the Dardanelles (see 13th and October 30th).
German-Austrian Republic proclaimed.
Allied fleet arrives at Constantinople (see 12th and 21st).
German force in East Africa reaches the Chambezi River (Rhodesia). (News of armistice received) (see 9th, 14th and 25th).
Hostilities in East Africa cease.
Professor Masaryk elected First President of the Czecho-Slovak Republic (see October 21st).
H.M.S. "Cochrane" wrecked at entrance to Liverpool.
German cruiser "Königsberg" with German naval delegates, enters Firth of Forth to arrange surrender of the German fleet (see 20th and 21st).
Hungarian Government (see 1st) concludes separate armistice with General Officer Commanding Allied Army (General Henry), at Belgrade (see 3rd).
General Petlyura commences revolt against The Ukraine Government (see December 11th).
Allied Armies begin march into Germany.
Polish Government (M. Pilsudski) issue declaration proclaiming Poland an Independent and Sovereign State (see June 3rd).
New National Government in Estonia order general mobilisation (see 11th).
Hungary declares Independence (see 1st and October 31st).
Mulhouse again occupied by French forces (see August 25th, 1914).
Baku again occupied by British forces (see September 15th).
M. Moraczewski appointed Polish Prime Minister (see 16th).
Yugo-Slav National Council at Agram protest against the Italian occupation of Fiume (see 5th and 18th).
Last German troops recross French frontier (see August 2nd, 1914).
Brussels reoccupied by Belgian forces (see 21st, and August 20th, 1914).
Italian troops reinforce naval detachment in Fiume (see 5th and 17th).
Counter-revolutionary coup d'état at Omsk. Russian Admiral Kolchak proclaimed "Dictator of all Russia".
Metz occupied by French forces.
Antwerp reoccupied by Belgian forces (see October 10th, 1914).
General Pétain created Marshal of France (see May 15th, 1917).
Luxembourg frontier crossed by United States forces (see August 2nd, 1914).
First contingent of German submarines surrender to the British Navy at Harwich (see 15th).
General Marushevski appointed Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of Russian forces in North Russia (Archangel) (see June 30th).
German High Seas Fleet arrives at Rosyth, en route for internment in Scapa Flow (see 15th and 20th).
Belgian Government reinstated at Brussels (see 18th, and August 17th, 1914).
Namur occupied by British forces (see August 25th, 1914).
French troops land in Constantinople (see 13th).
Greek, Serbian and Rumanian Governments issue circular memorandum announcing their decision to strengthen the union between the three countries by all available means.
M. L. Delacroix succeeds M. Cooreman as Belgian Prime Minister [M. Delacroix was the first Minister to hold the title of Prime Minister. See note to entry of May 31st.] (see May 31st) and M. Masson succeeds Lieut.-General de Ceuninck as Minister for War (see August 4th, 1917).
Lemberg captured by Polish forces (see 1st).
Yugo-Slav National Council vote for union with Serbia and formation of a common State with Serbia and Montenegro (see 7th, 29th, October 29th and December 4th).
British and United States troops reach German frontier (see December 1st).
Strasbourg occupied by French forces.
German forces in East Africa surrender to Allied forces at Abercorn (Rhodesia) (see 13th and 14th).
Last German troops recross Belgian frontier (see August 4th, 1914).
French troops cross German frontier.
Allied fleet arrives at Sevastopol and takes over remainder of the Russian Black Sea Fleet from the Germans (see 13th, and May 1st).
United States force enters Fiume (see 17th).
Kaiser Wilhelm II signs abdication (see 9th and 10th).
Narva (Estonia) captured by Bolshevik forces (see March 4th).
The General Congress of The Bukovina decide in favour of complete union with Rumania (see December 7th).
Montenegrin National Assembly (Skupshtina) meet at Podgoritsa and vote for union with Serbia (see 23rd).
Rumanian Government re-established at Bukharest (see December 1st, 1916).
British and United States troops cross the German frontier (see November 24th). Trèves occupied by United States troops.
General Coanda appointed Rumanian Premier and Foreign Minister (see 12th, and November 8th).
National Assembly of the Rumanians of Transylvania, the Banat and other districts of Hungary, assembled at Alba-Julia (Transylvania), decree their union with Rumania (see 7th, 10th and 27th).
Last Bulgarian troops evacuate the Dobrudja (see September 2nd, 1916).
H.M.S. "Cassandra" sunk by mine in the Baltic (night 4th/5th).
Demobilisation of the British Army begins.
Yugo-Slav National Council at Agram proclaim the union of all Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in one State (see November 23rd and 29th).
Cologne entered by British troops (see 12th and November 24th).
Deputation from the National Council of The Bukovina arrives at Jassy to inform Rumanian Government that National Council has voted for union with Rumania (see 1st, 10th and November 28th).
Coblenz occupied by United States troops (see 1st).
Naval action in the Caspian between British and Bolshevik vessels.
Lahej (Southern Arabia) reoccupied by British forces (see July 4th, 1915).
Serbian Government reinstated at Belgrade (see May 7th, 1916 and November 1st and 6th, 1918).
The Bessarabian National Council abrogate the stipulations for local autonomy and declare the unconditional union of Bessarabia with Rumania (see 1st and April 9th).
Odessa occupied by Petlyura's Ukrainian revolutionary forces (see 20th, March 13th and November 15th).
General Mannerheim elected Regent of Finland (see December 6th, 1917).
British troops cross the Rhine at Cologne (see 6th).
General Coanda, Rumanian Premier and Foreign Minister, resigns (see 1st and 14th).
Hodeida (Southern Arabia) taken by British forces.
Armistice on the Western Front prolonged to january 17th, 1919 (see November 11th).
M. Bratianu appointed Rumanian Premier and Foreign Minister (see 12th).
Dr. da Silva Paes, Portuguese President, assassinated (see 16th and May 9th).
Poland severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see November 16th).
Field-Marshal Mackensen and his forces surrender to the Hungarians near Budapest.
Last German troops leave Finland (see April 3rd).
First meeting of "Imperial Conference" of Soldiers and Workmen in Berlin.
Senhor Antunes appointed Acting Portuguese President (see 14th).
Major-General Scheuch, German Minister for War, resigns (see October 9th).
Kiev occupied by Petlyura's Ukrainian revolutionary forces (see 11th and March 2nd).
French troops land at Odessa (see 11th).
M. Pasich, Premier of Serbia, resigns. (Appointed in 1912) (see 29th).
Senhor J.T. de Sousa Barboza, Portuguese Secretary of the Interior, resigns (see 23rd and May 16th).
Senhor J.T. de Sousa Barboza appointed Portuguese Premier and Minister of Interior (see 22nd).
Perm (East Russia) taken by Kolchak's forces (see November 18th).
Formation of West Ukraine Republic announced (see November 20th, 1917).
Dorpat (Estonia) evacuated by the German forces (see February 24th).
Batum (Georgia) occupied by British forces [This force subsequently occupied the whole of Georgia, with headquarters at Tiflis.] (see April 15th).
King of Rumania issues Proclamation annexing the Rumanian provinces of Austria-Hungary (see 1st).
M. Stoyan Protich appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (see 4th and 20th).
Kadish (North Russia) taken by Allied forces.
Birsk (East Russia) taken by Kolchak's forces (see 24th).
Ufa and Sterlitamak (East Russia) taken by Bolshevik forces.